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Catalog entry

inv. 455
Worcester House
Lithograph on paper
12 5/16 x 13 15/16 in. (31.3 x 35.3 cm)
F.H. Lane del.
Moore's Lithography, Boston, successor to Pendleton


This urban view drawn by Fitz Henry Lane around 1840 served as an advertisement for Lysander Clark’s newly opened lodgings on Main Street in Worcester. The town was the county seat of Worcester County and had developed its commercial prospects with a turnpike to Boston (1810), a canal to Providence (1828), and a railroad to Boston that opened in 1835.

In his composition, Lane’s understanding of perspective can readily be seen. He also took particular care with the elm trees, differentiating their characteristic branching pattern from that of other specimens. The trees are almost more important to the composition than Worcester House which  is set back from the street. The horse and carriage and pedestrians provide a sense of scale.

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Types of Objects:   Advertisement »
Subject Types:   Building Portrait »
Massachusetts Locales:   Worcester »
Animals & People:   Dogs / Cats »   //   Livestock (horse / sheep / cow) »   //   Women »
Objects:   Wagon / Cart »
Building Types:   Hotel »

Historical Materials
Below is historical information related to the Lane work above. To see complete information on a subject on the Historical Materials page, click on the subject name (in bold and underlined).

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Lithography: Moore's, T. - Lith. - Boston
[Related to impression: Boston Athenaeum (inv. 523)]

English-born Thomas Moore was the successor to William S. Pendleton's lithography shop in 1836. Prior to this changing of hands, Moore worked in Pendleton's shop for years as a clerk and bookkeeper. During his four years (1836-40) at Pendleton's 204 Washington Street address, he had under his employ many famous artists, including F.H. Lane, Robert Cooke, and Benjamin Champney. Moore's Lithography printed the usual variety of work, including portraits, town views, public institutions, maps, plans, certificates, cards, etc. In 1840, Moore sold his Boston shop to B. W. Thayer, ending his lithographic career in Boston.

This information has been summarized from Boston Lithography 1825-1880 by Sally Pierce and Catharina Slautterback.

Related tables: Barnstable, Mass. »
Mammoth Cod Quickstep
T. Moore's Lithography, Boston
12 1/2 x 9 1/2 in.
20 x 16 3/4 in (Framed)
Cape Ann Museum, Museum Purchase (2014.089.2)
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Pendleton's was the first lithography shop in Boston and created some of the finest prints from the time period. The firm was founded by brothers, William S. and John Pendleton, in 1826 at Harvard Place. Prior to this firm, William Pendleton had founded the Senefelder Lithographic Company in 1825 with Abel Bowen. (The 1831 Gloucester map was printed by the Senefelder Lithographic Company, and perhaps provided an introduction for Lane to Pendleton.) In 1828, John left Boston to pursue various opportunities in Philadelphia and New York. In the absence of his brother, William built Pendleton's into a well-regarded lithographic shop until 1835 when he sold the shop to his bookkeeper, Thomas Moore. At Pendleton's, many prominent artists were taught, including John H. Bufford, Robert Cooke, Nathaniel Currier, and Lane. The artists at Pendleton's were responsible for producing a variety of materials including maps, plans, portraits, fashion plates, topographical views, music covers, advertisements, and historical prints.

Much of this information has been summarized from Boston Lithography 1825–1880 by Sally Pierce and Catharina Slautterback.

1831 Mason Map
John Mason
28.5 x 21 in.
Cape Ann Museum Library & Archive

When Massachusetts decreed that each town be mapped, John Mason drew the map of Cape Ann in 1830. This drawing was sent to the Senefelder Lithographic Company of Boston (owned by William Pendleton) to be printed, and then sold in Gloucester by W.E.P. Rogers, whose Gloucester Telegraph of February 12, 1831 announced, "A few specimen copies of the map, uncolored, have reached the town" and that they cost $1.25. Perhaps this business arrangement between Pendleton and Rogers provided Lane with his introduction to Pendleton.

1865 Gloucester Telegraph

"Mr. Lane in his early youth exhibited uncommon proofs of capacity by drawings of wonderful vigor and truthfulness so that they attracted the notice of some of the best judges, among others of Mr. Pendleton, the pioneer of lithography. who took a genuine interest in the young artist and invited him to Boston where greater opportunity could be afforded him for study and improvement. This great promise of early life was fully redeemed in riper years when, self-taught, he mastered the difficulties of the art and took place in front rank of the marine painters of this country. An afflicting malady which crippled him for life prevented him taking extensive journeys for picturesque material but whenever it wass possible for him to reach striking and characteristic views of our coast he visited them and the number of fine works distributed throughout the country show with what judgement he selected his subjects and how happily he rendered them."

A Brief Ejectment: Xenophon's Retreat out of the Enemy's Country
David Claypoole Johnston
7 1/2 x 9 in.
Courtesy American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass.

One of the Pendleton brothers kicking Russell Jarvis out the door of the printing establishment.

Lithography W. & J. Pendleton, No. 1 Graphic Court, Washington Street
J. Cheney
between 1827 and 1830
3 7/8 x 2 3/4 in., on sheet 5 1/8 x 3 7/8 in.
Courtesy American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass.

Subject: Advertising card for the Boston lithography firm. A woman sits at a desk, writing on a writing slope. Copied from a vignette signed R. Lane on the title page of C.J. Hullmandel's Art of Drawing on Stone, 1824.

Old State House in Flames
Robert Salmon
The Bostonian Society (1883.0107)
"Salmon pinxt" at lower left; "Pendleton, Boston" at lower right

Also filed under: Salmon, Robert »   //  State House »

Sixty Years' Memories of Art and Artists
Benjamin Champney
Woburn, MA,

"After a time I left the shoe store, and through the influence of my friend Cooke, was admitted as an apprentice to Moore, successor to Pendleton, in the lithographic business. Here I was speedily worked in as a draughtsman for ordinary commercial work, the fine work, such as designs of figures and heads from life being done by Cooke. F.H. Lane, afterwards well-known as a marine painter, did most of the views, hotels, etc. He was very accurate in his drawing, understood perspective and naval architecture perfectly, as well as the handling of vessels, and was a good, all-round draughtsman." (1)

(1) John WilmerdingFitz Henry Lane (Gloucester, MACape Ann Historical Association2005)Reprint of Fitz Hugh Lane, by John Wilmerding. New York: Praeger, 1971.

Soft Glides the Sea, Bounding and Free
Pendleton's Lithography
Lithographic sheet music
11 x 7 1/4 in.
Boston Athenaeum
Image: Boston Athenaeum
The Massachusetts Horticultural Society membership certificate
Printed by Pendleton's
18 3/8 x 15 5/8 in.
Boston Athenaeum
Image: Boston Athenaeum

Also filed under: Horticultural Hall »

View of Lowell, Mass.
Elliza Ann Farrar
Printed by Pendleton's
14 1/8 x 23 5/8 in.
Boston Athenaeum
Image: Boston Athenaeum

Also filed under: Lowell, Mass. »


Provenance (Information known to date; research ongoing.)

See IMPRESSIONS tab for provenance.

Exhibition History

2017–18 Cape Ann Museum: Cape Ann Museum, Gloucester, Massachusetts, Drawn From Nature & on Stone: The Lithographs of Fitz Henry Lane [Impression: American Antiquarian Society (inv. 364)].

Published References

Crossman 1985: "Lithographs of Fitz Hugh Lane," p. 71. ⇒ includes text
Cape Ann Museum 2017: Drawn from Nature & on Stone: the Lithographs of Fitz Henry Lane, fig. 7, text, p. 15, Worcester House. [Impression: American Antiquarian Society (inv. 364)]. ⇒ includes text

Impression information

American Antiquarian Society (inv. 364)

Photo: Courtesy, American Antiquarian Society (inv. 364)
Printed under image left to right: F.H.Lane del., Moore's Lithography, Boston. / WORCESTER HOUSE / By Lysander C. Clark. / Worcester, Mass.
American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. (152448)

Boston Athenaeum (inv. 523)

Photo: Boston Athenaeum (inv. 523)
Printed under image left to right: F.H.Lane del., Moore's Lithography, Boston.
Boston Athenaeum, Gift of Charles E. Mason, Jr., 1973 (1973.25)

Related historical materials

Citation: "Worcester House (inv. 455)." Fitz Henry Lane Online. Cape Ann Museum. (accessed June 2, 2023).
Record last updated April 23, 2016. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
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