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Friend, Joseph Sayward
The Lane drawing with reference on it to Joseph S. Friend of Sacramento, California, appears to match the description of the Mellen-after-Lane painting of "Canal Beach, Stage Rocks and Norman’s Woe." This painting was loaned by Mrs. Edward Grover to an 1892 exhibit (noted as Mellen after Lane in the exhibit listing) along with "Old Fort and Ten Pound Island" (no artist listed).
The note on the drawing does not make reference to Mellen doing the painting, just that a painting was done from it for Joseph S. Friend of Sacramento. Whether Joseph Stevens—or whoever put the notations on the drawings—knew that other artists (e.g. Mellen) were using them to create finished paintings is unknown.
Joseph Sayward Friend was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts in 1824, the son of George Friend and Mary Ingersoll (Sayward) Friend, and brother of Augusta P. (Friend) Grover. In 1847 he married Helen Marie Elwell (1823–49), daughter of Elias and Thomasine Elwell. Helen died two years after her marriage to Friend.
Friend is listed in the 1850 census as being a “merchant” and still living in Gloucester. He moved to Calfornia around 1867, residing in Sacramento, and working as a “lumber merchant.”
Joseph Friend's sister Augusta Putnam Friend (1831–1903) married Edward Grover (c.1829–55) in Gloucester in 1854. They had two children: Edith and Edward. Edward (the husband) died on November 18, 1855 at age of twenty six, leaving Augusta a widow.
– Martha Oaks
44 x 34 in.
Henry Francis Walling, Map of the Towns of Gloucester and Rockport, Essex Co. Massachusetts. Philadelphia, A. Kollner, 1851
Cape Ann Museum Library & Archive
"Map of the Towns of Gloucester and Rockport, Massachusetts. H.F. Walling, Civil Engineer. John Hanson, Publisher. 1851. Population of Gloucester in 1850 7,805. Population of Rockport in 1850 3,213."